Frequently asked questions
Hunger exists when people don’t have enough safe and nutritious food for normal growth and development and an active, healthy life. This means they live in a state of food insecurity – which can be chronic, seasonal or transitory.
Food insecurity can be caused by not enough food being available or by people not having enough money to buy it. Food may also be badly distributed because of weak systems or economic inequality. It may also be poorly used at the household or country level.
Malnutrition exists when people don’t have the proper combination and balance of nutrients in their diet. It includes both under and over nutrition. Undernutrition can result in a person being underweight, too short (or stunted), dangerously thin (or wasted) or deficient in vitamins and minerals (suffering from micronutrient malnutrition).
About 870 million people in the period 2010–12. That’s 12.5 % of the world’s population, or one in eight people. The vast majority of these – 852 million – live in developing countries, where nearly 15% of the population is believed to be undernourished. In Latin America and parts of Asia, the number and proportion of undernourished people is falling, but in Africa and west Asia it is increasing.
There is enough food in the world, yet over 800 million people are undernourished (UN, 2014). Hunger is not caused by a lack of food but by a lack of justice. All over the world, Caritas witnesses the harmful consequences of this lack of justice in the inequality of access to adequate food and nutrition. Caritas believes this is a moral and humanitarian crisis. It is exacerbated by unfair policies and practices such as market distortions due to excessive financial speculation on food commodities, armed conflicts, the diversion of food resources from consumption to energy production, the waste of food and the failure to provide access to markets for producers in developing countries.
The right to food – and water – is a human right recognised under international law which protects the right of all human beings to feed themselves in dignity, either by producing their food or by purchasing it. To produce their own food, a person needs land, seeds, water and other resources. To buy it, they need money and access to the market. This means countries have to provide an environment in which people can use their full potential to produce or procure enough food for themselves and their families, with adequate incomes and social safety nets.
Inspired by Christian faith and Gospel values, Caritas sees the world as one human family characterised by love, solidarity and compassion. Caritas organisations’ work on hunger ranges from providing food aid in times of crisis to longer-term programmes improving small-scale agriculture, livestock breeding, infrastructure, agroforestry and reforestation. Caritas also promotes civic participation and advocacy on social and economic issues such as access to markets, nutrition, water and sanitation for vulnerable communities.
Ensuring food security for all is part of Caritas’ vision of a world where human well-being and dignity are paramount. For Caritas, integral human development must be the goal of sustainable development strategies encompassing climate policies, education, empowerment and food sovereignty.