Nepal is one of the poorest and least developed countries in South Asia. The decade-long Nepali Civil War (1996-2006) between government forces and Maoists killed over 12,000 people. Although a peace settlement was declared, inequality, discrimination and lack of basic services – all factors which contributed to the conflict – are still widespread.

Farmer in rice paddy
Key facts:
  • Programs


  • Partners


  • Population


  • Extreme poverty

    Poverty headcount ratio at $1.90 a day:

  • Data sources 

Why do we work in Nepal?

Nepal’s remote location, domestic instability and susceptibility to natural disaster have hindered the country’s economic development. Around one in four people in Nepal live on less than $1.25 a day. Child mortality in Nepal is eight times higher than in Australia.

Our work in Nepal

Caritas Australia supports four programs with Caritas Nepal, covering issues such as education, peace, food security, sustainable agriculture, enterprise development and disaster risk reduction.

The video below tells the story of our work in Nepal.

Examples of our work

  1. To date our integrated pest management program has helped form 674 Field Farmer Schools that deliver training to improve food security and farm sustainability. More than 7,000 farmers have been trained through the Schools to increase crop yields and seed stores without the need for pesticides.
  2. Under our rural cooperative enterprise scheme, 18 cooperatives, with membership 60 percent female, have reported significant increases in income.
  3. Although many Bhutanese refugees in Nepal have been resettled, there is still a need to support remaining families. Our program continues to provide school classes to around 800 pupils.

Featured projects:

  • Janaki from Project Compassion 18

    Janaki's story

    Janaki grew up in the Surkhet district of Mid-Western Nepal.Her husband died just two years into their marriage.She’s now running her own successful sewing business

  • Kaluram, a Nepalese farmer

    Integrated pest management

    Empowering small farmers to realise greater crop yields, household food security, and farm sustainability.

  • A Bhutanese refugee child

    Helping Bhutanese refugees in Nepal

    The Bhutanese Refugee Education program in Nepal provides education and vocational skills to Bhutanese students in refugee camps.