5 things to know about the Rohingya Refugee Crisis

20 Jun 19

It has been described by the UNHCR as “one of the largest exoduses of refugees witnessed in recent decades.” Here’s are some essential facts about the Rohingya crisis.

  • The Rohingya are a religious minority who have lived in Myanmar for generations.

    Before the crisis, an estimated 1 million Rohingya people were settled in Myanmar with the majority living in the Rakhine State on the western coast. 

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A Rohingya woman carries her young child. Credit: Immanuel Ghayan, Caritas Germany.

A Rohingya woman carries her young child. Credit: Immanuel Ghayan, Caritas Germany.

  • Widespread reports of violence and persecution have caused entire communities to flee for their lives.

    An escalation of violence during August of 2017 was the catalyst for the recent mass movement of the Rohingyas named the fasted-growing refugee crises in the world. 

  • Most Rohingya refugees have fled to Cox's Bazaar, an area in south-eastern Bangladesh.

    Kutupalong and Nayapara are the two main refugee camps in Cox’s Bazaar which have become hubs for the Rohingya people. It has been described as severely over-crowded with a scarce amount of resources.

    Rohingya refugees have also fled to other countries in southeast Asia such as Thailand, Philippines, Malaysia and Indonesia with many undertaking dangerous journeys by boat. 

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Refugee camp at Cox's Bazaar. Credit: Eleanor Trinchera, Caritas Australia.

Refugee camp at Cox's Bazaar. Credit: Eleanor Trinchera, Caritas Australia.

  • Of the one million Rohingyas previously living in Myanmar, an estimated 700 000 have fled unable to return home.

    An estimated 80% of Rohingya refugees are women and children.


  • Rohingya refugees are reportedly arriving to refugee camps exhausted, hungry and sick. You can help.

    Caritas Australia’s Asia Emergency Appeal
     is dedicated to responding to the crisis in Bangladesh. Your donation will help to respond to the escalating and ongoing needs of the Rohingyas by providing basic resources such as food, shelter, clean water, health clinics and sanitation facilities.

 

This National Refugee Week, act by sharing the journey.

Caritas Australia's Program Coordinator, Bangladesh & Nepal, Eleanor Trinchera writes about hope and resilience in Rohingya refugee camps.