From extreme weather events to rising sea levels, environmental changes often have disproportionate effects on vulnerable, marginalised communities.
Since many of the communities we work with depend on environmental regularity for food and water security, to support their livelihoods, economy, health and wellbeing, a changing climate poses one of the greatest threats to their lives - and risks driving them further into poverty.
‘Climate justice’ is a term that acknowledges that environmental changes can have differing social, economic, public health, and other adverse impacts on vulnerable populations.
According to the United Nations, “The impacts of climate change will not be borne equally or fairly, between rich and poor, women and men, and older and younger generations.”
“Climate change is happening now and to all of us. No country or community is immune. And, as is always the case, the poor and vulnerable are the first to suffer and the worst hit," says UN Secretary-General António Guterres.
As a result, there is a growing focus on climate justice, which looks at environmental changes through a human rights lens, striving to address these inequities through long-term strategies.
Climate change is happening now and to all of us. No country or community is immune. And, as is always the case, the poor and vulnerable are the first to suffer and the worst hit.
Low-income communities, indigenous people, people with disabilities, older people, women and children – are often more susceptible to the risks posed by climate impacts, including cyclones, floods and earthquakes. These communities may have fewer existing resources to help them to deal with these impacts, such as limited access to food and water.
A 2020 World Bank paper estimates that between 32 to 132 million additional people will be pushed into extreme poverty by 2030 due to climate change.
Existing social conditions that put vulnerable communities at increased risk of climate-related shocks include:
Natural disasters cost about US$18 billion a year in low and middle-income countries through damage to power and transport infrastructure alone. They also trigger wider disruptions for households and firms costing at least US$390 billion a year.
They force people to evacuate their homes, drive populations deeper into food and water insecurity, and exacerbate health, social and economic problems. These challenges are further compounded by the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic.
Significant effort is needed to help people living in vulnerable communities in low-income countries, to adapt to environmental changes to ensure that progress made in poverty reduction globally is not reversed.
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